Janell A. Israel & Associates
1585 Kapiolani Blvd., Suite 1604, Honolulu, Hawaii 96814 Phone: 808-942-8817
August 2017 Tax Newsletter
WHAT'S NEW IN TAXES:
Yes, that's correct, there are some forms of income you receive that may be tax-free. Here is a list of ten common sources of tax-free income.
1. Gifts. Gifts you receive are not taxable income to you. In fact, they are not subject to gift tax to the person giving the gift as long as the gifts received in one year from one person do not exceed $14,000.
2. Rental income. If you rent your home or vacation cottage for up to 14 days, that rental income does not need to be reported. Homeowners often can earn some tax-free income by renting out a home while a large sporting event (Superbowl or a golf event) is in town.
3. Child's income. Up to the standard deduction amount ($6,350 in 2017) in earned income (wages) and $1,050 in unearned income (interest) for children is not taxed. Excess earnings above these amounts could be taxed and $2,100 in unearned income is taxed at the parent's higher tax rate.
4. Inheritance. In most states, beneficiaries typically do not pay tax on the value of what they inherit. When inherited property is sold by the beneficiary, however, there may be a capital gains tax obligation.
5. Roth IRA earnings. As long as you meet this retirement account type's rules, earnings in a Roth IRA are not taxed.
6. Life insurance received. The full value of life insurance received is not taxable income. However, the proceeds may be taxable within the estate of the deceased policy holder.
7. Child support revenue. Income you receive as child support is not deemed to be taxable income. On the other hand alimony received is taxable income.
8. Home sales gains. Up to $250,000 ($500,000 for married filing jointly) in gains on the sale of a qualified principal residence is not taxable.
9. Scholarships/fellowships. Money received to cover tuition, fees, and books for degree candidates is not generally taxable.
10. Refunds. Federal refunds (technically you've already accounted for this income) and most state refunds for non-itemizers are also tax-free.
This is by no means a complete list of tax-free income, but it's nice to know that some areas of tax law still benefit taxpayers.
A Marriage Penalty Lingers in The Tax Code
A marriage is worth celebrating, but bringing up the marriage penalty may bring down the celebration. The marriage penalty occurs in the tax code when you pay more tax as a married couple than you would as two single filers making the same amount of money. This occurs throughout the federal tax code.
The tax rate problem
If the tax tables did not differentiate between single and married, you could assume the married income required to move to the next highest tax rate would always be double that of a single filer. This is not the case.
As an example, when youíre a single filer, income above $91,901 is taxed at 28%. When you file a joint return with your spouse, the 28% rate starts at $153,101. You will notice that the beginning of the 28% tax bracket for married couples ($153,101) is not twice the $91,901 amount applied to each of you when you were single. The outcome is an increase in tax on your combined income over what you would have paid individually.
Accelerating the phase-outs
Another example of the marriage penalty occurs in the acceleration of phase-outs of personal exemptions and itemized deductions for married couples versus single filers. These deductions begin when your adjusted gross income (AGI) is greater than $313,800 if youíre married filing a joint return and $261,500 when youíre single. Think the marriage penalty only impacts upper income? Even the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) phase-outs favor single taxpayers over married taxpayers. A single mother of three can qualify for the EITC with income less than $48,340, where a married couple loses the EITC with combined income over $53,930.
ACA piles onto the marriage penalty
In addition, under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) taxpayers can face a 0.9% surtax on wages and other earned income and a 3.8% tax on investment income. The income thresholds for these surtaxes are $200,000 for single filers and $250,000 for married couples filing jointly. As a result, singles who each earn $125,000 to $200,000 can get hit with the extra tax after they marry.
Not surprisingly, there are some couples who simply decide not to marry to avoid the penalty, but obviously this option isnít right for all couples. If you are planning to marry in the near future, do not be caught by surprise with a larger than expected tax bill. Call to review your situation.
Whatís New in Business:
Reap The Benefits of Hiring Your Child For The Summer
Hiring your children to work in your business can be a win-win situation for everyone. Your kids will earn money, gain real-life experience in the workplace, and learn what you do every day. And, you will reap a few tax benefits in the process. Before you decide if hiring your child is the right thing for your business, learn if it can work for you.
Generally, if your child is doing a legitimate job and the pay is reasonable for the work, his or her salary can be a tax-deductible business expense. Your childís income can be tax-free to them up to the standard deduction amount for a single taxpayer ($6,350 in 2017). Wages earned in excess of this amount is typically taxed at your childís rate, which is likely lower than your rate.
The following guidelines will help you determine if the arrangement will work in your situation:
If you have questions, give us a call. Together we can determine if hiring your child is the right course of action for your business and your family.
What's New in Finances:
How Much Do You Need to Retire?
Most Americans simply donít save enough for retirement.
Nearly half (45 percent) of working-age households donít have any retirement assets, according to the National Institute on Retirement Security. Of those working-age households close to retirement (age 55 and older), nearly two-thirds have less than one-yearís worth of their annual salary in retirement savings.
So how much do you actually need to retire comfortably? There are many variables to consider, including retirement age, available pensions, and investment return assumptions.† Mutual fund broker, Fidelity, estimates you need enough savings to replace roughly 85 percent of your pre-retirement income. Many experts estimate you will have to save between 8 and 12 times your pre-retirement annual income to reach this goal.
But the amount needed depends on when you plan to retire. For example, Fidelity estimates a person planning on retiring at age 65 will need to save 12 times their pre-retirement income. By delaying retirement by just five years, to age 70, your savings estimate lowers to eight times your annual income.
This may be why an increasing number of Americans plan on delaying retirement or working during retirement. A majority (51%) of workers surveyed in 2016 by the Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies said they plan on working during retirement.
Some ideas to consider now
These are sobering realities, but there are actions you can take to put you in a better position during your golden years.
If youíd like to review your tax-advantaged retirement strategy, call to schedule an appointment.
Zombie Payer Ė Keep Your Automatic Payments in Control
When it comes to paying bills, many people canít imagine returning to paying and sending bills via the U.S. Postal Service. But, the ďturn it on and forget itĒ nature of automatic payments can create zombie payers where the details and amounts of bills are no longer reviewed or challenged. Here are some ideas to keep this from happening to you.
Create a list. Make a list of the companies you authorized to use automatic payments to pay your bills. Include in the list the card or account each company uses for the automatic payments, as well as payment amounts and frequency. If you use credit and debit cards to pay companies, record the expiration dates, in case you need to update any company that has your card on file. When thereís a change in a card or bank account, you will be able to consult the list to find the companies you need to notify.
Watch for fees. Make sure the bill payment system youíre using is low cost or no cost. Some companies will charge you a fee for automatic payments. If your biller wants to charge you, pay them with a traditional check. Consider consolidating all your automatic payments within one bill paying service. Your bank may offer online bill payment with no fee.
Beware of price creep. Paying for a product or service automatically can create a situation where you do not notice when your price changes. Monitor your ongoing payment amounts so you are able to question any price increase or discontinue service (if applicable).
Review underlying bills.† Along with automated bill paying is the vendorís desire to stop sending hard copies of your bill. However, because youíre not receiving a bill, you may be unaware of changes. If possible, opt to continue receiving email or paper billing statements. Review statements monthly to verify that your payment has not changed and there are no additional fees or errors.
Automatic bill pay is meant to simplify your life, but if you allow it to turn into zombie paying, it will have an opposite affect. Take care to review your accounts and statements to protect yourself and keep your finances in your control.
All information is believed to be from reliable sources, however we make no representation as to its completeness or accuracy. The information contained in this newsletter is provided by Mostad & Christensen, Inc. The information is of a general nature and should not be acted upon in your specific situation without further details and/or professional assistance. For more information on anything in this newsletter, or for assistance with any of your tax, business or financial strategy concerns, contact our office.
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Securities and advisory services offered through National Planning Corporation (NPC), Member FINRA/SIPC, a Registered Investment Adviser. Mosted& Christensen, Janell Israel& Associates and NPC are separate and unrelated companies. NPC does not provide tax or legal advice.
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